Routine eye exams are important for your vision as well as overall health. Not only do eye exams test your visual acuity to determine potential need for or update to corrective prescriptions, they are also essential in diagnosing various diseases that would otherwise go undetected and untreated. Some show no symptoms during early stages, including glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, and can only be revealed during a comprehensive eye examination. Many diseases show initial signs in the eyes, including cardiovascular health and diabetes. Even if you have 20/20 vision, a regular visit to your optometrist is critical for both preserving your sight and health.

Our eye exams begin with a series of basic tests by our staff to form a baseline for our optometrists to continue an in-depth examination of your eyes. We assess visual acuity, determine a prescription if needed, check for indications of eye conditions, and evaluate the overall health of your eyes ensuring there are no signs of disease.

Some of the tests performed during an eye exam are:

  • Visual Acuity: to determine if there is a refractive error in need of correction. Refractive errors can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or surgery.
  • Refraction: for accurate eyeglass prescription
  • Visual Fields Test: checking for blind spots or issues with peripheral vision
  • Cover Test: identifies cross-eye and other eye misalignment
  • Dilation of the Pupil and Ophthalmoscopy: to examine the interior of the eye including optic nerve, retina and blood vessels, screening for eye diseases
  • Tonometry: screening for glaucoma by measuring the pressure within your eye

Common refractive errors are:

Myopia (nearsightedness) – objects up close appear clearly, while objects far away are blurry.

Hyperopia (farsightedness) – distant objects are seen more clearly than objects that are near. Significant hyperopia can cause objects to be blurry at any distance.

Astigmatism – the eye doesn’t focus light evenly onto the retina (the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye) causing blur as well as a stretched-out appearance to objects.

Presbyopia – an age-related condition affecting the ability to focus up close. With time the lens can no longer change shape enough to allow the eye to focus clearly on objects close up.

We review exam results with you in detail and answer your questions so that you are in the know when it comes to your eye health and/or any necessary treatments.

Give us a call at 416-922-5164 to schedule your Comprehensive Eye Exam today.